Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov was born in 1870 by the name of Lenin. He was a revolutionary. To avoid the grip of the Russian government, they gave many different names, such as Tulin, Petrov. Then in 1901, the name ‘Lenin’ was finalized. He was the hero of the Russian Revolution. It was only in 1922 that the Soviet Union was founded.
When Lenin went to college to study law, he was fired. The reason was his revolutionary character. However, the second reason was his brother. His brother Alexander Ulyanov was also rebelling against the Tsarist regime. In 1887, his brother was hanged for plotting to assassinate Jar. Even after being expelled from college, Lenin did not give up and accepted a law degree in 1891.
Because of Lenin’s rebellious stance, he was arrested by the Tsar in 1897 and deported to Siberia for 3 years. Then he married Nadezhda Krupskaya on July 22, 1898. Lenin spent nearly 15 years in Western Europe, where he played a key role in the international revolutionary movement and became the leader of the ‘Bolshevik’ faction of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party.
He started a movement against the proletariat in Europe. He believed that this protest would lead to the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of socialism. An interim government was formed in 1917 when the Tsarist regime in Russia came to an end. With this, he returned to Russia and took command of the country. The revolution that took place under his leadership in 1917 is also called the Bolshevik Revolution.
Lenin was inspired by Marxism and on this basis, he founded the Russian Communist Party. Lenin’s Marxist views on society and philosophy influenced the whole world. This ideology of his is known as Leninism.
He is also considered a controversial and discriminatory leader. Lenin is considered by his supporters to be the messiah of socialism and the proletariat, while critics remember him as the leader of a dictatorial regime that carried out political atrocities and massacres.
Lenin died on January 21, 1924, but was not buried. Lenin’s body was preserved after his death. His body can still be seen today in Lenin’s tomb on Moscow’s Red Square.